Popper, Karl

Popper, Karl
   b. 1902, Vienna (Austria); d. 1994
   Philosopher
   Karl Popper was chiefly a philosopher of science. His works include The Logic of Scientific Discovery (1935), The Open Society and Its Enemies (1945), The Poverty of Historicism (1957), Conjectures and Refutations (1963) and Objective Knowledge (1972). Popper distinguishes between genuine science and ‘pseudoscience’. Whereas genuine scientific propositions are falsifiable in that they explicitly or implicitly specify the evidence which would refute them, pseudo-scientific propositions (such as many of those expounded in Marxism and Freudianism) are unfalsifiable in that no conceivable evidence constitutes their disconfirmation. Science develops in an evolutionary manner. While no theory can be proved, the ‘fittest’ survive rigorous attempts to falsify them. In his social and political philosophy, Popper provides a penetrating critique of totalitarianism and a stalwart defence of democracy.
   See also: philosophy; science
   ROD PATERSON

Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture . . 2014.

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  • Popper, Karl Raimund — (1902–1994) Philosopher of science. Born and educated in Vienna, Popper shared with the logical positivists an interest in the foundations and the methodology of the natural sciences. After a period in New Zealand he moved to the London School of …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Popper, Karl Raimund — (1902–1994)    Knighted in England in 1965, Popper spent most of his life there or in the English speaking world. He lived in New Zealand, where he taught at the University of Canterbury from 1937 to 1945. He was professor of logic and theory of… …   Historical dictionary of Austria

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  • Karl Raimund Popper — Karl Popper Karl R. Popper Philosophe Occidental XXe siècle Naissance : 28 juillet 1902 (Vienne) Décès : 17 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Karl-Otto Apel — (Düsseldorf, 15 de marzo de 1922) es un filósofo alemán. Se licenció en Bonn y se doctoró en Maguncia, en 1960. Fue profesor en Kiel (1962 1969), Saarbrücken (1969 1972) y finalmente en la Universidad de Fráncfort. Especializado en lenguaje y… …   Wikipedia Español

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  • Karl Popper — Infobox Philosopher region = Western Philosophy era = 20th century philosophy color = #B0C4DE name = Sir Karl Raimund Popper CH FRS FBA birth = 28 July 1902 Vienna, Austria death = death date and age|df=yes|1994|9|17|1902|7|28 London, England… …   Wikipedia

  • Karl Popper — Sir Karl Popper (1980) Karl Raimund Popper CH (* 28. Juli 1902 in Wien; † 17. September 1994 in London) war ein österreichisch britischer Philosoph, der mit seinen Arbeiten zu Erkenntnis und Wissenschaftstheo …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Karl R. Popper — Sir Karl Raimund Popper (* 28. Juli 1902 in Wien; † 17. September 1994 in London) war ein österreichisch britischer Philosoph, der mit seinen Arbeiten zu Erkenntnis und Wissenschaftstheorie, zur Sozial und Geschichtsphilosophie sowie zur… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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